Saturday, 31 March 2012

Baduy Tribe

as people who living in Tangerang for about 18 years, I feel responsible for introducing Banten, or more particularly the Baduy to you. Baduy tribe is very unique. It is atraditional tribe, but located in the center of civilization. Access to Baduy village is Relatively easy. Using public transportation you can go to Ciboleger. This is the 'gate'.Walk around 1km from the Ciboleger terminal, you will find a sign That said you areentering Baduy village. And after that, it's a whole different world. No more electricity.No more toilets. No more Modernity. Bye bye civilization!

The Baduy ethnic group, or Urang Kenekes, are a remnant of the original Sundanese who live in the isolated highlands of Banten, centered in and around the village of Kanekes in Lebak Regency. They currently number 10.000, despressed through 59 

The name Baduy may come from The Cibaduyut River, which flow through their land, or perhaps from the baduyut tree, a variety of banyan that groes in forests. The Baduy people refer to themselves as urang Kanekes, or simply “people who live in Kanekes”.

Lebak Regency Ordinance on protection of the traditional Rights of the Baduy Community, which is aimed at preserving the laws and traditions of the community as part of national cultural heritage, has enabled the Baduy to firmly uphold the rules laid down by theiir pikukuh, or ancestors.

The traditional Baduy social struture is headed by a pu’un (traditional leader), a holy man of noble descent (karuhun) who is responsible for protecting the suistanbility of the earth and able to lead his people, guided on certain absolute rules of behaviour. Below the pu’un are the jaro pamarentah, or village heads, who are also in the Lebak local government. The baduy are divided into three groups: Tangtu (inner Baduy), Panamping, and Dangka (outer Baduy).

Teh inner Baduy follow their traditions most strictly, and reject all forms of modernity and technology. They live in three villages-Cibeo, Cikartawana and Cikeusik. The three pu’un-the community’s highest leaders-come from these three sacred villages. They can be identified by their characteristic black  and white clothing. Tangtu men wear white headclothes, long sleeved white shirts with no buttons, and dark blue knee length sarongs; tangtu women wear a broad sash of kemben to cover the upper part of their bodies and a single large wrapcloth (kain) of lunas dor the lower part.

The  Penamping live in several villages including Cikadu, Kadu Ketug, Kadu Kolot, and Cisagu, that surround the territory of the inner baduy. Panamping men wear headclothes, two layer of upper garments-an inner whte shirts an and outer black or blue long sleeved shirts, and knee length trousers or sarongs.

The outer baduy can also be recognized by their attire. They live in the outermost parts of the Kanekes region, in the villages of Padawaras (Cibengkung) and Sirahdayeuh (Cihandam); they dress nearly  the same as the Penamping, though some of the men now wear  modern shirts. Outer Baduy women wear pain-colored blouses (kabaya) and dark blue batik kain. the outer baduy serve as a filter for the various outside influences that might enter Baduy society.

The Baduy are adherents of the Sunda Wiwitan religion, ateaching based on belief in Allah as the creator of the universe (guriang mangtua) and in Adam as their ancestor. This belief system also upholds simple living as a forms of worship iin daily life and opposes modernization.

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